Nambu vs 1911A1
Thanks to a reader, here is a translation of the video.
Hello, readers! I’m Morohoshi, reporting from Las Vegas.
[Display on lower left: Reporter: Las Vegas office, Etsuo Morohoshi]
The Year 14 Type is an automatic pistol that was formally adopted by the Japanese Army in Year 14 of the Taisho Era, 1925.
Its caliber is 8 mm and its capacity is 8 shots. It was the first pistol to be accepted in Japan as a standard military weapon.
Overall, with the many straight lines in its outline, it bears a strong resemblance to the German Luger.
The rifling is (unintelligible) and, as you can see, very clearly defined, even after 60 years.
When the magazine is installed and you pull on the slide, it stops in the open position. When there is no magazine, the slide stop does not function.
The safety is on the left side of the gun. To place the gun in the “Safe” condition, you rotate the lever 180 degrees (NOTE, “Fire” is forward, “Safe” is back).
Well, then, let’s show you how to field-strip the Type 14.
First, you check the chamber.
Then, you pull the trigger once to lower the firing pin. Next, holding down the rear end of the firing pin extension, which is in the center of the cocking piece, you rotate it counter-clockwise.
Once the cocking piece is off, the firing pin extension and the spring can be removed.
Next, pulling a little on the slide, you pull down on the trigger guard, this releases the trigger assembly, and at the same time, the barrel and bolt come off. You take the bolt out of the receiver, and after you remove the recoil springs and the firing pin, that completes the field-stripping.
The serial number was marked on nearly all the parts.
Once you’ve taken it apart, it seems pretty simple, but in comparison to the American 1911 of the time, you can see that it has more parts after field-stripping.
Well, next, let’s watch a shooting test. We decided to compare it with a 1911, which was a contemporary of this pistol.
I will start by measuring the muzzle velocities.
[Upper left display: Muzzle Velocity Test]
We measured the muzzle energy of the bullets using the muzzle velocities. As you can see, in comparison to the 1911, the Type 14 has much lower power. Particularly, it had less than half the stopping power (NPF) shown by the figures.
The 8-mm Type 14 cartridges we used in this test were not originals. We saw that they were somewhat slower than the standard cartridges of the time, whose muzzle velocity was announced to be 317 meters per second. Also, when we actually fired them, the recoil was on the mild side.
Next, we’ll do a grouping test.
[Upper left display, Target Grouping Test; Bottom display, Distance to target 15 yards]
First, we do a shooting test with the 1911, a pistol we get a lot of opportunities to shoot.
The results: a 4-inch group.
Next is the Type 14 pistol.
We have high expectations for the pistol which, at the time, had a worldwide reputation as a pretty accurate model.
The results: About an 8-inch group.
It was a single-action, so the trigger was smooth and very good, but even though I used the same hold, some of the shots were pretty far off. We could not tell if this was the fault of the pistol or if the cartridges we had used were defective.
Next, we carried out a rapid-fire test.
[Upper left display: Rapid-fire test]
The 1911 has a heavy recoil, so to that extent, it felt less stable.
(Pointing to target) These small holes are the Type 14, and the big ones are from the 1911. The smaller ones show a better pattern. As you might expect, the Type 14 may be a little more appropriate for Japanese.
We carried out a comparison penetration test using 2.5 cm thick boards.
[Upper left display: Pine board penetration test]
(looking at the Box o’ Truth) Now, we’re looking at what we got shooting the 1911. One, two, three, four, five, six… in the seventh board, we have a dent. And the bullet… it still is in about its original shape.
(fires the Nambu)
One, two, three, four… in the fifth board, it’s stopped. The bullet is here. It’s kind of smashed.
The results of the pine board penetration test also put the 1911 out front.
Next, we shoot a helmet.
[Upper left display: Helmet penetration test]
This steel helmet is one that was used by the American Army during the Second World War.
(pointing to the helmet) It didn’t penetrate.
(holding helmet after firing 1911) The 1911 didn’t penetrate either.
Both shots were deflected by the helmet; they didn’t even leave cracks. The dents were also about the same size.
In this test, unfortunately, considering all of the results, the Type 14 pistol did not turn out to be superior to the 1911. On the contrary, we can consider that this is proof of the perfection of the 1911, which is still in active service on the front lines.