A Nurse with a Gun

Friday, June 12, 2009

Pawn Shopping Secrets

Quite a few people have emailed me about my pawn shop circuit, wanting to know which shops I frequent, and how I do it. Pawn shopping is a lot like fishing. When you leave home, you never know what you might catch, but the catch is only half of the fun. If a person does not enjoy garage and estate sales, they will not enjoy pawn shopping. I'll list a few secrets.

First, like a good fishing spot, you must know where to go. Maw & Paw shops are seldom lucrative for firearms. Frequently Paw is a collector on the side, and the shop simply feeds his habit. Nicely priced pristine firearms will never make it to his shelf. He will have a nice selection of Lorcins and other crap guns though. Maw and Paw see a pawn shop as a means of making money both by loaning money and selling collateral. Thus their Lorcins will be priced above market value. Paw expects everyone to spend twenty minutes negotiating price. Even if he acts like he doesn't, Paw enjoys haggling. It makes him feel superior in his dusty fiefdom. I will occasionally stop in one of these shops, just to look, but I never expect much.

The best pawn shops for gunshopping will make money primarily off loans. The collateral is merely a means of loss prevention in these shops. These are frequently the larger franchise pawn shops. Look for one that has a motivated manager who is not a gun guy. These fellows will usually be late twenties to early thirties in age. In these shops anything used as collateral must be placed up for sale if the loan goes sour. The prices are set by the amount loaned on the item, which may have been determined by Blue Book value, or simply by how much the customer requesting a loan needed. Usually, in a franchise pawn shop, there is a 7-14 day waiting period before an employee can purchase an item just out of pawn. Thus, if you are checking their shelves a couple of times a week, you are likely to see goodies.

If you are an old gun connoisseur, finding a manager who uses an out of date Blue Book and who does not appreciate the subtle variations in models can yield big catches. $199 S&W K-22This is how I managed to find a S&W Model of 1899 for $69, a SW1911 for the price of a Springfield Mil-Spec, and a S&W Pre-Model 10 for $89. I do not try to haggle on these deals, I just smile and buy. Of course, I also find guns like Neil's S&W 455 HE that are overpriced in my opinion. I simply let those lie. If the manager makes a bad decision on collateral's worth, then I want that pistol in the case looking at him when he starts to price the next one. I will simply look it over and try to educate my eye. If the manager or salesman seems to be receptive, I will let him know what I see. Being able to see the silk purse in a sow's ear is a skill worth developing, but so is recognizing a sow's ear priced like a silk purse. One thing I never do, however, is bring a gun back in after it has been cleaned up. Even if asked, I remain evasive about what I think an item is worth after refurbishing. That's my business. I do not ask what they paid. That's their business. I consider what a gun is worth at the time of purchase only, not what it might turn into once refurbished.

I do not expect to be able to negotiate on price much at franchise pawn shops. The store manager might be able to knock off taxes, but the corporate management follows them pretty closely, especially on guns. Once an item is entered into the computer system, the value is pretty much fixed. That occurs long before I see it on the shelf. If a store manager discounts prices again and again with the same customer, he appears to be doing sweetheart deals to the upper echelons of management. He will soon lose his job. I want that manager with the 1999 Blue Book and no interest in guns to keep his job. I'll gladly pay his prices. Having him pricing guns is worth more than $20 off some pistol.

Another key factor is checking the shops with regularity. I have tried to leave my pager number at several pawn shops, but I have never been paged. Leaving pager numbers works better for estate liquidators and gun shops. Pawn shops tend to follow a simple routine of removing the item from hock and placing it in the sale inventory and waiting. I make it a point to check my favored spots several times each week. Pawn shopping is truly like fishing in that regard. The man with the most time on the water will likely bring home the most fish, simply because he has found the best spot and he was there when they were biting. I am thankful to have a job that allows me to drive past my favorite shops each day. Some days, I just have a feeling, like ESP. I get to know the managers, and they know me too. I will walk in, take a quick look at the gun case, and say a quick hello. On days when the manager is engaged with another customer this can take less than a minute or two. If he sees me pause and call him over, he knows he has a likely sale. Otherwise, I leave him alone unless his shop is empty and he is lounging around.

Finally, know the value of guns in your area that grab your interest. Like any used gun shopper, a successful pawn shopper must learn to independently appraise a gun's worth to himself. This means more than simply finding it among Blue Book listings. Most guns are not unique, and prices can vary widely according to which region of the country the gun is in. Blue Books give a national average. I keep a journal of interesting guns I have found in my area, as well as their location, prices and condition. I include used guns I have purchased and also those I left behind at pawn shops, gun shows, and private sales. A well kept gun journal can become a very good supplement to the Blue Book, and it can even prevent you from making purchases you may later regret. Often simply writing a find down in the journal instead of buying prevents "gottahaveit" fever. My journal has seldom steered me wrong.

So there you have it, a successful pawn shopper is like a successful fisherman. He has gone fishing often enough to learn where to go. He goes to places where the fish are. He has learned through experience the places that will waste his time, but he keeps an eye on them anyway, just in case they should change. A successful fisherman does not go fishing for a 4 pound largemouth bass. He goes fishing for what he can catch that day. Sometimes it's bass, other times it's bream. He will also jug for catfish. He goes fishing frequently, and when he comes home empty handed, he tries again. Yep, pawn shopping is a lot like fishing, and almost as much fun.

Related page: Xavier's Gun Show Rules (they apply to pawn shopping too!)

This blast from the past is republished at the request of readers.



Blogger the pawnbroker said...

xavier, when i saw a new pawn shopping post, i was hoping to also see updated information and experience and not just a recycle of your old "pawn shopping secrets" article.

although i know from some of your past posts about the purchase (or not) of specific firearms that some of the pawnbrokers or managers in your area are amazingly naive, there are many key points in your information that are way out of date as to mainstream pawn operations. that was already true before obamania struck the marketplace, and it of course is far more true now.

i'm heading for my son's store right now to help him for a few hours, and then i'll leave another comment to point out how radically different key aspects of your post are from the reality in most areas.


8:08 AM  
Blogger Rorschach said...

Xav, I don't know if it is a local thing or what but I've found that most of the franchise shops around here don't even carry guns. The problem is that they have such a high turnover in their employees that they often have problems maintaining the proper paperwork and the BATF lifts their FFL. So many of the local franchise chains have made the corporate decision to just stop carrying guns to avoid the hassle. I would also not be surprised if there is a corporate liberal distaste for guns involved to a certain degree too.

9:48 AM  
Blogger Mr. Fixit said...

I noticed, also like a good fisherman, you didn't give away your good spots.

Good tips, thanks.

Mr Fixit

11:03 AM  
Anonymous Seabat said...

Thanks for the pawnshop story.
A friend and I have been "Looting the Mayan Temples"for years. It's been a while, but it's always great fun and we've managed to pick up some great finds.
People don't know what they're missing!
Keep writing.

11:33 AM  
Blogger the pawnbroker said...

changed my mind. it struck me that the mis- and dis-information in your piece is, like the grizzled old fisherman sending the newbie angler to the opposite side of the lake from his "hotspot", an intentional diversion.

so although rorschach hit on one of several key points, i won't expound at this time. and carrying your analogy a bit further, when asked how to catch the big one you can just say...keep your bait in the water and just keep on fishin'.


8:28 AM  
Blogger Tam said...


What's invaluable about this post is that it offers tips on how to be a good customer, too.

I'd have found him a pleasure to deal with.

3:04 PM  
Blogger the pawnbroker said...

"I'd have found him a pleasure to deal with."

absolutely. knowledgeable buyers with cash in pocket and that know a deal when they see it were my bread and butter...win-win.

but if they don't walk in the door in the first place, it's lose- lose.


7:46 AM  
Blogger John Cox said...

Xavier, I accidentally found your site and I must say, you have some very informative topics to say the least. I was scrolling thru and seen the Pawn Shop post. This caught my eye. Why? Well, my brother in-law owns a gun and pawn shop in Simpsonville,SC. He has for years, tried to get me to open one up here in North Carolina where I live. It's very tempting. While I may not know EVERYTHING there is to know about guns and the other stuff that pawn shops sell, he too had to learn with no one to guide him. I must say that it appears that you have done your homework or have visited a lot of shops, many times on end. I have been fortunate enough to have been brought up around guns and this has carried on through the years. I know administer/own a gun forum (eastcoastshooters.com) and (forum.eastcoastshooters.com) so I'm constantly looking for topics to start. It's a new site so my memberships are low.

Anyways, I have to agree with you on your statements about finding guns. What I have gathered from "the pawnbroker" is that apparently, there are different tactics to having a successful business. I know what my brother in-law does and how he makes his money. It's a no brainer and it appears that the shops that you go to are using the same "tactics" if you will.

Very good article I must say. You not only give you readers good information but you also keep some of the secrets, secret. Add another reader to your site, you have caught my attention and I think you'll manage to keep it. Keep up the great work and articles.

John Cox

7:57 PM  

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